Pharmaceuticals are medicinal substances created for medical purposes, aimed at diagnosing, treating, preventing, or curing diseases or health issues in humans or animals. Before approval by regulatory bodies like the FDA or EMA, these drugs undergo stringent research, development, testing, and regulatory evaluations.
Available in forms such as tablets, capsules, injections, creams, or liquids, pharmaceuticals may contain synthetic or naturally derived compounds. Healthcare professionals prescribe them based on individual health needs, accompanied by detailed instructions on dosage, usage, and potential side effects.
They encompass a wide spectrum of substances, spanning from pain relievers and antibiotics to medications addressing chronic conditions like diabetes or hypertension. The evolution and utilization of pharmaceuticals have significantly advanced medical care, enhancing overall health outcomes, yet considerations about their safety, effectiveness, and possible side effects remain crucial.